How Row Fixture Fixture Code Works

Here is our simplistic prime number test table again:


Hit the test button to run this test. OK, we got them all. How does the table tell the code what to expect?

Each data column specifies a query key. Above, prime is our only key. We just want to see whether our set of primes contains each of these numbers.

Now here is the code for the PrimeNumberRowFixture:
package fitnesse.fixtures;

import fit.RowFixture;

public class PrimeNumberRowFixture extends RowFixture {
  public Object[] query() throws Exception {
    PrimeData[] array = new PrimeData[5];
    array[0] = new PrimeData(11);
    array[1] = new PrimeData(5);
    array[2] = new PrimeData(3);
    array[3] = new PrimeData(7);
    array[4] = new PrimeData(2);
    return array;

  public Class getTargetClass() {
    return PrimeData.class;
All we are doing is assembling and returning an array of PrimeData objects: these are our records. We also use the special getTargetClass() method to specify to Fit the type of the record objects we need it to inspect for us. In this case, PrimeData.class.

Notice that the key column name (prime) in the table corresponds to the public member variable prime in PrimeData. Fit inspects each of the PrimeData objects in the returned array, comparing the table cell values in the prime column with the contents of the prime variable in PrimeData. Here is the code for PrimeData:
package fitnesse.fixtures;

public class PrimeData {
  public int prime;
  public PrimeData(int prime) { = prime;
Notice also that the order of the records in our query array is not the same as the order of key values in the table. Row Fixture does not care about the order of the records returned by a query, as long as they are all there, and as long as there are no extras.

Employee Pay Records Example: Testing Fields in Returned Records

Here is our sample table (from the Row Fixture page) that checks that a company's employees were paid correctly:

id pay()
1 1000
2 2000

And here is the corresponding fixture code:
package fitnesse.fixtures;

import fit.RowFixture;

public class EmployeePayRecordsRowFixture extends RowFixture  {
  public Object[] query() throws Exception {
    EmployeePayRecord[] records = new EmployeePayRecord[2];
    records[0] = new EmployeePayRecord(1, 1000);
    records[1] = new EmployeePayRecord(2,2000);
    return records;
  public Class getTargetClass() {
    return EmployeePayRecord.class;
Again, we are merely assembling an array of records; in this case, employee payroll records. We also identify the class of the record type Fit must inspect: EmployeePayRecord.class. Now here is EmployeePayRecord:
package fitnesse.fixtures;

public class EmployeePayRecord {
  public int id;
  private double salary;
  public EmployeePayRecord(int id, double salary) { = id;
    this.salary = salary;
  public double pay() {
    return salary;
To identify each row in the table, Fit finds the corresponding EmployeePayRecord by matching the id value in the table with the contents of the id variable, and matching the salary value in the table with the contents of the salary variable. For each found record, Fit then checks the value in the pay? column against the amount returned by the pay() method.

Wait a Minute. We're Just Assembling The Query Results in the Fixture!

Yeah, you're right. We're cheating, in the interest of clarity and simplicity. These examples show the mechanics of Row Fixture Code, but not a realistic use. It will rarely make sense to be assembling the array you need within the fixture code, since that does not demonstrate that your production code correctly provides the query results you need.

When you write application code in order to get tests like the above to pass, you will likely want to have an array of the right objects already handy, so that something like EmployeePayRecordsRowFixture can just grab it, instead of having to assemble it. Alternatively, you might have production code ready to grab the array of query results from a database. In either case, the fixture code would just ask the production code to return the array of records it needs.

Learning More

To learn more about the Row Fixture style of test table, see Row Fixture.
To learn more about how FitNesse fixture code works in general, check out FixtureCode.
Also check out the other Test Table Styles.